Lissabon-strategien og ensretningen af social og økonomisk tænkning - En genealogi over velfærdsspørgsmålet i EU

Magnus Paulsen Hansen

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

Inspired by Michel Foucault, this thesis conducts a short genealogy of the social question in the EU. The present problem is what looks like a self-evident worship of the Nordic welfare states and, most recently, of the concept of flexicurity as a new guiding principle for welfare state policies. A recur-ring tendency in this ‘worshipping’ seems to the dissolution of the traditional opposition between the market and the social. The question of analysis is then how the Nordic model and flexicurity gained such high status in the EU, and what this alignment of the economic and the social in more detail means? The question is explored by looking into the formation and evolvement of a particular regime of truth. The regime of truth, I examine, is closely connected to the so-called Lisbon Strategy from 2000 setting the ambitious objective of making the EU the most competitive knowledge-based economy in the world by the year 2010, by means of a modernization of the European social model and greater social cohesion. The thesis has two main findings. Firstly, clarifies how the Lisbon Strategy fabricates itself as self-evident and non-political by establishing a common problematization (among heads of state, minis-ters, state officials, scientists, and eurocrats) of the character of the social question and by crystalliz-ing the problematization into the indicators of the Open Method of Coordination, a statistical framework comparing the welfare policies of the member states hereby providing the means of spreading best practice and mutual learning. The method works as a kind of pastoral guidance of the member states individualizing their needs and path towards a more competitive and socially just society by means of normalizing statistics. Secondly, the thesis it sheds light on the governmental rationalities promoted by the Lisbon Strategy of how to deal with the social within the state. The Lisbon Strategy incites the member states to look at their welfare policies as social investments with the potential return of increasing the em-ployability of the population. The governmental rationality, thus, governs exerting and enhancing a particular notion of justice as the maximization of possibility of being able to support oneself among the population.

UddannelserForvaltning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato22 jan. 2010
VejlederePeter Triantafillou

Emneord

  • Benchmarking
  • Lissabon-strategien
  • den åbne koordinationsmetode
  • Delors
  • EU
  • flexicurity
  • Velfærdsstat
  • Esping-Andersen
  • pastoralmagt
  • Beskæftigelsespolitik
  • konkurrencedygtighed
  • europæiske sociale model
  • Foucault
  • Rawls
  • social retfærdighed
  • Den nordiske model