This project aims to assess the tension between freedom and equality through the theories of John Rawls and Robert Nozick. This topic has been discussed increasingly in the academic world since the release of Rawls’ masterpiece, A Theory of Justice, in 1971.
With this book Rawls presented his theory about Justice as Fairness, where he described how to achieve justice by applying his principles to the basic structure of society. These principles were based on the desire to create free equal opportunities for all and to secure that social and economical inequalities would make the least favoured group better off. After the release, A Theory of Justice gained significant attention and have since then become a modern classic in political philosophy. Despite that, not everyone agrees with his theory. In 1974 the Harvard colleague of Rawls, Robert Nozick, released a masterpiece of his own. Nozick’s book, Anarchy, State and Utopia, contained not only his theory of entitlement but a substantial critique of Rawls’ work. Nozick especially disagreed with Rawls’ pursuit of equality through redistribution of goods, since he found that forced equality would violate people's rights and their freedom.
This project will further include a discussion of Rawls’ and Nozick’s positions, through the work of Gerald A. Cohen. By criticizing the two theories Cohen argues that a just society would strive to create more equality than Rawls or Nozick prescribes.
One of the points that Cohen accentuates is that freedom can be understood in different ways, which leads to the conclusion that maybe the fight is not between freedom and equality, but between the freedom of different people.
|Uddannelser||Filosofi og Videnskabsteori, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||1 sep. 2018|
|Vejledere||Thomas Søbirk Petersen|