Land grabbing i et udviklingsperspektiv: Land grabbing in a developmental perspective

Daniel Erik Bitton Mortensen, Thomas Bunk Møller & Jonas Dahl Lauritzen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

This project takes its point of departure from the phenomena land grabbing. More specifically it examines the implications of land grabbing in the context of a concrete example with SEKAB, a Swedish corporation, buying 22.000 hectares of farmland in Tanzania. The reason why this example is particularly interesting is that the farmland will be used to produce biofuel. The project seeks to identify possibilities and limitations connected to the land grab in this particular context, in terms of development and the transfer of green know-how to local farmers. It is done through the purpose of the research question that serves first and foremost to keep the analysis on point. Furthermore it examines the agricultural elements, which are crucial to large parts of Tanzania’s population. Through an analysis of Tanzania’s transition from a collectivistic socialist experiment, to a complete liberalization of governance including international structural adjustment programs, it is discussed under what circumstances and conditions land grabbing as a phenomenon thrives in this particular context. To determine whether land grabbing is in fact merely inhibiting for development, or contains developmental perspectives if placed in a controlled setting, this example serves as an illustration of how a government in a developing country, in a transitional void, can struggle. As a result, SEKAB in this incident recognized the demand for biofuel and saw this as an opportunity to begin production in Tanzania, a country known for prime agricultural conditions combined with a political climate that was susceptible to SEKAB’s approach. At a certain point the government chose to better the conditions of future land grabs by setting up institutions, with the purpose of informing and guiding businesses in how to proceed and carry out land grabs. These actions indicate that the government acknowledges the land grab as a model for development. The intentions of the government and of SEKAB are examined through contradictory developmental theories, as this project seeks to understand the possibilities and limitations to development. In turn theses intentions are discussed including whether or not the locals will be receptive, acknowledge and comply with the new conditions in terms of employment and housing relocation.

UddannelserBasis - Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato27 maj 2015
VejledereKeld Buciek

Emneord

  • Development
  • Land Grabbing