Kritisk analyse af teorier om modernitetens samfundsdiagnose

Søren Christiansen

Studenteropgave: Speciale


The world is facing an unprecedented range of climate related challenges, which have made the climate crisis one of the most discussed issues of our time. In contrast to the natural sciences the social sciences have a relatively new field of study that originates from the impact of climate changes on society.
This thesis examines the sociological perspective on the relationships of climate change to society. This is done through a theoretical presentation of three different sociological perspectives, each of which places a critical focus on the diagnosis of the society. Based on these perspectives the thesis establishes a theoretical analysis and discussion that aims to uncover sociological causal relationships of significance to the social development of society.
The study finds that the increased autonomy and prosperity as a result of the modernization process have produced some significant side effects for the society. The increase in prosperity in this context is interpreted as a direct cause of predatory behavior on nature. In relation to this finding the individually increased consumption is analyzed as a causal relation to the environmental and biodiversity issues. The study find that these unintended consequences of modernization is a global risk for civilizations, societies and nature. The study emphasizes that these consequences are socially stratified and concludes that the poorest parts of the world is suffering to a greater extent from the climate risk caused by the accelerated consumer culture of the western world. The study also finds that the risk distribution to some extend can be interpreted as a lack of experience about the far-reaching consequences of consumerism. However, it is pointed out that intentional deceleration is a common denominator across the different theoretical orientations, as a prerequisite for solving the environmental and biodiversity issues.

UddannelserSocialvidenskab, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato2 sep. 2019
Antal sider68
VejledereRasmus Willig


  • Risikosamfund
  • Social acceleration
  • Hvad skal vi svare?
  • Ulrich Beck
  • Rasmus Willig
  • Johan Arne Vetlesen
  • Kritisk analyse
  • Samfundsdiagnose
  • Risk Society