Krig er en flersidig affære - en undersøgelse af aktiverede fortider i Første Verdenskrigsudstillinger i Danmark og Storbritannien

Cecilie Skov & Laura Dyssegaard Styrk

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

This master thesis presents two master narratives about Denmark and Great Britain during the First World War. The two master narratives are from the exhibitions at Mosede Fort, Denmark 1914-1918 in city of Greve and the Imperial War Museum of London, United Kingdom. The exhibitions’ representations of the pasts create two very different narratives about the role played by Denmark and by Great Britain during the First World War. In this master thesis the plural-tense of past is used, since the core prerequisite of the conducted research is based upon there is not one past, but multiple pasts.
The narrative about Denmark and the First World War challenges the current understanding of the pasts that the museum’s communities of memory have. Even though Denmark had declared itself a neutral country in the war the exhibition presents stories of the trenches dug in the regional area of Greve to prepare for the war and how Danish politicians had to handle multiple dilemmas in order to deal with potential impacts the war had on the country. The narrative about Great Britain and the First World War confirms the current understanding of the pasts that the museum’s communities of memory have, where the soldiers of the British Empire are viewed as the brave and self-sacrificing heroes, and where the citizens became a part of the home front, which supplied the soldiers on the Western front, and through them the British Empire ensures victory.
The master thesis includes reflections on how the exhibition at Mosede Fort can act as a commentary on current Danish security, defence and foreign policy of the 21st century, when the exhibition portrays Denmark as gears in the European war machine. The Imperial War Museum’s exhibition exposes a self-understanding of Britain as the roaring lion. This self-understanding is also expressed in the speech by Boris Johnson about Brexit in 2017, where Britons are mentioned as being lions.
The theoretical foundation are the concepts of uses of history and historical consciousness, though we also analyse the tools used in the exhibitions such as lighting, sounds and materials. The thesis also investigates, what artefacts that are part of the exhibitions and what meaning they represent. In addition to this the master thesis contains a section on what representations of the pasts, which are not part of the exhibitions.

UddannelserHistorie, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato2 jan. 2020
Antal sider81
VejledereHannibal Munk

Emneord

  • første verdenskrig
  • historiebrug
  • museum
  • historiebevidsthed