Konsonans og dissonans i Alternativet: Spændinger og uenighed som motor for dialog

Thorbjørn Chakravarty

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

The main objective of this thesis is to examine how policy is developed through negotiation and dialogue on three different platforms in the political party Alternativet (“The Alternative”). It investigates the opportunities and limitations when applying a dialogical approach to policy development and analyses the differences between conditions for dialogue on the three platforms. This study applies the thinking of dialogue philosopher Mikhail Bakhtin, while drawing on work from the field of dialogical communication research e.g. Phillips (2011), Barge & Little (2002) and Kristiansen & Bloch-Poulsen (2004). The empirical data is produced in three different spaces: a citizen driven space for policy development known as ‘political laboratories’, an internet forum for political conversations called ‘Dialog’, and a meeting in the Danish parliament between the Danish prime minister and the political leader of The Alternative. The analysis uncovers how tensions, consensus and dissensus unfold and the effect of centrifugal as well as centripetal tendencies. The conclusion consists of a mosaic of different voices, which is then analysed through the lens of dialogical theory. At the political laboratory different voices were seen competing for space to speak and be heard. There was a substantial difference in how the meetings unfolded although the general setting was the same for all. Here it became clear that the composition of participants had great importance as to how the dialogue unfolded. The second part of the analysis examines a digital thread from an internet forum called Dialog. It was found that the distance between participants and the fact that they were limited to text as a means of communication meant that it was more challenging to sense each other's zones and maintain a sense of togetherness. Instead the conversation quickly separated into two camps - one pro and one against. The subject, nuclear power, relied heavily on technical knowledge and so expert opinion became a dominating discourse throughout the thread, marginalizing voices that represented other discourses. The analysis of a meeting between the political leader of The Alternative and the Danish prime minister showed how a dialogical approach can be applied as well as illustrating both opportunities as well as limitations to such an approach. Finally, the analysis shows that there are certain opportunities and limitations to each space and although space and setting matters, it is of greater importance how participant's approach and take part in the interaction.

UddannelserKommunikation, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato28 sep. 2016
VejledereChistina Hee Pedersen

Emneord

  • Ny politisk kultur
  • Christiansborg
  • Dialog
  • Politisk Laboratorium
  • Folketinget
  • Bakhtin
  • Alternativet
  • Phillips
  • Uffe Elbæk