Klimatilpasning af landbrugsproduktion i det nordlige Ghana

Merle Tillde Larsen

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

Due to climate change the rainfall pattern has changed in northern Ghana with consequences for agricultural production. The agriculture sector is the driving force of the socio-economic development and the basic of day to day living of a large population in northern Ghana. Being rain-fed makes agriculture a climate sensitive sector, which has implications for the sector as it is a key element in food security. It is therefore a crucial problem that the agriculture in recent years has been the victim of more frequent extreme rainfalls and dry spells, which negatively impacts the productivity and the soil fertility. Cultivation methods cause another obstacle to the productivity by degradation of the soil fertility. These challenges are the reasons why the yield of the agricultural sector is under pressure to feed the growing population in northern Ghana. The report examines how a climate change adaptation focused on soil fertility can contribute to local and regional adaptation of the agricultural production, with the purpose of ensuring security of future food supply and socio-economic development. Furthermore, it will look at the institutional capacity to manage and implement the adaptation strategy. The main conclusion is that an effective climate change adaptation needs a coordinated, resourced and multidisciplinary effort to build a sustainable adaptation based on a set of suggested actions. The report suggests the Savannah Accelerated Development Authority (SADA) to manage the adaptation, which actions shall include organic manure practices as well as use of nitrogen fixating crops.

UddannelserTekSam - miljøplanlægning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato13 maj 2013
VejledereTyge Kjær & Jan Andersen

Emneord

  • agriculture
  • climate change adaptation
  • rainfall pattern
  • Ghana
  • soil fertility
  • multidisciplinary management