Klimaetik: En retfærdig klimabyrdefordeling i teori og praksis

Nicolas Tristan Munk & Oliver Albert Matikainen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

This paper is an investigation of possible ethically justified solutions to the imminent global cli-mate challenge we face today on our planet. The investigation rests on the assumptions put forward by Garrett Hardin with his term tragedy of the commons. The paper emphasizes Hardins claims of risks arising from agents acting as “independent, rational, free-enterprises”. The risks contain the under-mining of our self-preservation by the extinction of our finite resources. This mechanism seem to un-derlie the current climate challenge. The paper further investigates the attempt to combat the tragedy of the commons and the adaptation of ethical principles in the Paris Agreement. The analysis leads to the conclusion that a combination of ethical theories and agent-perspectives seem like a feasible way to meet the goal of a just distribution of the responsibility – or climate bur-den. Although the Paris Agreement, in some aspects, reflect a just theoretical distribution, there seem to be some practical concerns in its current form that might obstruct the just distribution in practical terms. The combat of these further challenges call for legal obligations and integrated strategies of top-down and bottom-up approaches. The window of opportunity appears increasingly narrow with each passing moment – and this calls for swift action and acknowledgment of the seriousness of the matter at hand, through mutual commitment and obligation.

UddannelserFilosofi og Videnskabsteori, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato22 jun. 2016
VejledereThomas Søbirk Petersen

Emneord

  • Climate
  • Fordeling
  • COP21
  • Paris-aftalen
  • Simon Caney
  • Klimaetik
  • Tragedy of the Commons