This paper examines, to what extent climate variation is acting as a threat multiplier in the current conflict in Northern Mali as well as how the UN intervention, MINUSMA, takes this into account.
This paper was conducted, by using qualitative methods in the shape of four expert interviews and one content analysis. A broader theoretical framework examined the link between climate changes and conflict has led to a self-constructed figure. By using this figure, the analysis examined to what extent the Malian State is capable of countering local climate variation. This seems to rely on two societal conditions: low institutional capacity and political marginalisation. In alignment with this, the study investigated how these two societal conditions are taken into account both in the UN Resolution 2227 and the MINUSMA intervention itself.
The paper concludes, that the low institutional capacity and the grievance towards the Malian state, leaves Mali unable to address climate variation. In combination with pre-existing harsh living conditions, this has led to an un-governed Northern Mali with a lack of local resource management. Thus it seems, that there is a correlation between local climate variation and conflict. While the paper cannot conclude, that there is a direct link, however climate variation in Northern Mali is seemingly acting as a threat multiplier. Therefore, this paper stresses the significance of the possible correlation and argues, that this should be taken into account in the MINUSMA intervention to a larger extent.
|Uddannelser||Internationale Studier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor|
|Udgivelsesdato||31 maj 2016|
- resolution 2227