Kina og Angola - En omkostningsrig udvikling: China and Angola - A costly development

Martin Lundberg, Simone Lindberg Gregersen, Sigrid Pepke Jeppesen, Nicoline Løcke Zabel & Emil Kastberg Rasmussen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

This project seeks to examine how the economic relationship between China and Angola unfolds and which opportunities it gives rise to. In this perspective our main focus is on the opportunity for Angolan development and how economic transactions consisting of transnational loans provide the basis for a growing Angolan economy. In order to examine how this Sino-African relation contributes to the wealth of Angola, it is important to understand which type of state Angola is, and we will therefore make use of a state- and regime characterisation. As this characterisation is made, it is essential to take the Angolan history into account, as it is a one characterised by years of violence and rebellion in shape of colonisation and civil war. The civil war and the MPLA played an important part in the construction of the Angolan state, and as the civil war ended in 2002 it led to the country’s current political situation. Our empirical knowledge consists of two main informants: a book by Lucy Corkin and a CSIS report, both of which deal with Chinese loans to Angola established within the period from 2004-2007. The empirical data and how it has been processed becomes an essential way to assess the issue in relation to understanding how the loans are actually implemented. In the aim of ensuring this study to be as comprehensive as possible it is essential to bring the international relation into perspective and examine who the relation benefits and how. Is it a mutually beneficial relationship or is it only benefitting one party? For this purpose we draw on dependency theory as explained in Jorge Larrain’s account hereof and on Deborah Brautigam’s notion of mutual benefits. With this approach we seek to uncover whether the Sino-Angolan relationship contributes to Angolan development, and have found that the economic relation to China has both positive and negative effects. The biggest issue, however, is how the relation facilitates the Angolan elite’s continued extraction of economic rents from the country’s resources through both skillfully negotiating with China/Chinese creditors and subversion of the Angolan state.

UddannelserInternationale Studier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato18 dec. 2014
VejledereHenrik Søborg

Emneord

  • Angola
  • Development