Kashmir in Deadlock - A study of UN peacekeeping: When interests are coinciding and often colliding

Sofie Untersee, Maimouna Diarra, Emma Busk Johansen & Carmen Mirea Robrahn

Studenteropgave: Fagmodulprojekt


In this study, the dispute between India and Pakistan over Kashmir is examined. The focus of the report is the UN peacekeeping operation, and the research question concerns interests, power relations and discourses affecting their involvement in the conflict.
The investigation builds upon a broad range of international relations theory involving con-structivist, neorealist and neoliberalist approaches on international organisations, interests and power relations. The empirical data involves various official UN documents, and the methodological approach combines a qualitative discourse analysis, derived from the work of Norman Fairclough, with a quantitative analysis of word frequency tables.
The study concludes that several actors possess interests affecting the UN involvement in the Kashmir conflict. First, bureaucratic interests of the UN have widely affected the shifting agendas of the conflict, especially in relation to critical discourses surrounding India and Pakistan. However, the national interests of the five permanent members of the UNSC prove to be of predominance. The ability of the major states to achieve self-interests in relation to the geopolitical aspects of the conflict uncovers unequal power relations and outweighs the aim of the UN involvement. It is aspects like these that maintain the conflict in a state of deadlock and consequently, the prospects of solving the conflict in Kashmir are slight.

Keywords: Kashmir, India, Pakistan, UNSC, UN, UNMOGIP, peacekeeping, constructiv-ism, P5, power, interests, discourse

UddannelserInternationale Studier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor
Udgivelsesdato29 maj 2017
Antal sider54
VejledereLine Engbo Gissel


  • Kashmir
  • Indien
  • Pakistan
  • FN
  • Peacekeeping