This thesis is a study of the development and political legitimation of economical subsidies to the Danish press, based on document analysis of bills, political negotiations, and reports from various committees, commissions, and working groups from the 1960s until present. The study maps out the different subsidy schemes of the period, their descriptions of purpose, and the political discussions relating to the subject. Also the change of demands and expectations of the aided newspapers, as well as the changing perceptions of the press, are discussed. This analysis shows that the development of Danish media subsidies was characterised by a tension between conflicting political views on media regulation. The subsidy schemes were therefore conceived as both cultural and business politics. As a result, the purposes of the subsidies appeared ambiguous, and the schemes were indirect and general, as opposed to the more direct and selective media subsidies in Norway and Sweden. However, during the last decade the Danish subsidy schemes have been amended, resembling the other Scandinavian models, and last year the first actual ‘law on media subsidy’ was passed. The fear of state regulation seems to have decreased, and the goals of the media subsidies have become more apparent in the legislation. In conclusion the thesis states that media subsidies over the studied period have become an institutionalized part of Danish media politics. The development points towards a more democratic corporatist approach to media politics, and the thesis suggests that media subsidies can be seen as a political ‘brake pad’, limiting the process of convergence towards the more liberal media systems.
|Uddannelser||Journalistik, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||28 jan. 2014|