Kød og etik

Anna H. Kierkegaard, Christoffer Bagge & Sune Beck

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

Abstract This project aims to criticize the problematic circumstances occurring in the danish conventional pig farming industry, on a ethic and emancipatory basis. Based on the ontology of critical theory a reality in which millions of pigs suffer greatly in unsatisfactory conditions is being produced while the majority of citizens remain completely ignorant of the ethical issues this should be raising. This will be demonstrated by examining the relationship between the Danish conventional pig farming industry and the danish consumers. The conditions for the pig will be compared with the estimated cognitive abilities of the pig in order to understand how their physiological, mental and social needs and interests are being violated in the conventional industry. Through moral philosophy formulated by Peter Singer and Tom Regan, arguments are put forth for the recognition of animal interests and the ethical duty of humans to refrain from discriminating against other living and sentient beings on the basis of species. We see this form of discrimination, referred to as speciecism, as ethically similar in nature to racism and sexism, and will demonstrate that it is to be seen as equally irrational and unethical. On this basis a normative and emancipatory ideal is being set, by which this assignment sets out to examine a reality of pain and exploitation. These social structures of distance and discrimination, not only legitamize the horrible conditions under which pigs in the Danish conventional pig farming industry suffer, but lay the groundwork for the ethical acceptance of animal meat consumption as a whole. Through analysis of official documents, the speciesistic nature of the industry towards productive animals is being revealed, one where the individual consumer's lack of ethical reflection on these issues will be made clear through interviews. The collected data will be be analyzed normatively and critical and thereby, with the help from an expert interview conducted by ourselves, confront the fundamental ethical structures defining the cynical and mechanicalized relation towards productive animals, inherent in society. By the end of the project a progressive discussion, concerning where to place responsibility for the acknowledgement of pigs interests will be taken. On the basis of the analyzed empirical material, economic theories regarding how ethical responsibility can be placed and better conditions in the industry achieved, are presented. These theories will be critically discussed in relation to the normative speciesistic social structures that this assignment covers. The focus of this project is to show the existence of sociological structures that legitimize discrimination and exploitation. The goal is to discuss how these unethical normative structures can be made visible and deconstructed, as we see this as an essential basis for any future improvement in the conditions of the conventional intensive pig meat production.

UddannelserBasis - Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato19 dec. 2013

Emneord

  • kritisk teori
  • Singer
  • ligestilling
  • Regan
  • Gris
  • svineproducent
  • politisk forbruger
  • antispeciesisme
  • Etic
  • Dyrerettigheder
  • Moral filosofi
  • dyrevelfærd