Københavns befæstning – en analyse af militærets stilling i dansk samfundsplanlægning 1880 - 1919: The Fortification of Copenhagen - An analysis of the military’s position in Danish spatial planning from 1880 to 1919.

Stig Roar Svenningsen

Studenteropgave: Speciale


This thesis deals with the Danish military’s position in the landscape around Copenhagen In the period 1880-1919. The thesis examines from a historical/geographical perspective, how the military’s position in the public planning changed during the transition of Copenhagen from a city of absolute monarchy to a modern urban city. A key aspect of the thesis is how the application of geographical methods, such as analysis of topographic maps can contribute to modification of the existing historical research. The empirical foundation of the thesis is a Geographic Information System (GIS) - based analysis of urban development around Copenhagen in the period 1880-1920. The GIS analysis together with source material from the Armed Forces, War office and The National Forest Agency archives investigate a number of examples of the dynamics between military considerations, urban development and nature conservation in the area around Jægersborg Deer Park. The analysis shows that the Danish military’s influence as a spatial power in the years 1880-1919 was relatively limited. For example, the military had no real ability to control urban development around the military infrastructure, leading the military to abandon some of its fortress infrastructure and retreat in to government owned land at the Jægersborg Deer Park. The relatively weak position of the military is surprising, in the light of the massive investment in the fortress under the defence friendly rightwing government under Estrup in the late 19th century. It is also interesting in relation to the understanding of the military as an institution with priority and primacy in national planning, as it is presented in John Child’s “The military use of land”, Rachel Woodward’s “Military Geographies”, Richard P. Tucker & Edmund Russell’s (ed). “Natural Enemy, Natural Ally” and Micheal Batman & Raymond Riley’s “The Geography of defence”.

UddannelserHistorie, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) KandidatGeografi, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato15 dec. 2014
VejlederePeter Hegelund Skriver


  • GIS
  • Military geographies
  • Spatial planning
  • Københavns Befæstning
  • 1. Verdenskrig
  • Military