This master-thesis examines the idea of the self. It examines what the idea of self potentially holds and stands for and what this idea means to the individual human being. This area of investigation is approached in the mixing of two subjects that this thesis represents; philosophy and science together with psychology. The point of interest here is inspired by the Buddhist view of self which is cen-tered around the self in relation to being a subject of experience that they say cannot refer to a real self. Therefore the notion of self that is investigated in this thesis, is centered around discussions about experience, consciousness and self-consciousness and what relation these has to the idea of self. I start out by highlighting the above by introducing two general ideas of consciousness; one be-ing the phenomenological approach to consciousness that entails ideas of both pre-reflective self-consciousness and reflective consciousness and briefly look at philosopher Dan Zahavis’ idea of the minimal self related to pre-reflective self-consciousness. I shed light on this perspective by means of a general view on higher order theory of consciousness. After this I then move on highlighting the theme of self by means of three theoretical perspec-tives, which are; Yogācāra-buddhism, the philosopher- theologian and psychologist Søren Kierke-gaard and the father of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud. By these three approaches I give examples from both philosophy and psychology of how we can view the idea of self and I analyze each theory of self by highlighting how it relates to the subject of experience and (self) consciousness. As the analysis goes on I discuss and analyze the first part of my problem formulation by also relating the theories to each other. In this part we see how Buddhism represents a no-self-theory that sets the self as a disposition, that is nothing but mere fiction in our cognition that distorts experiences and means that we suffer. Kierkegaard on the other hand, though concurring that the self entails suffer-ing, sees the self as real and as the undeniable essence of what it is to be human; We see that Freud as well as Kierkegaard understands the self as real, but in opposition to Kierkegaard and Buddhism holding, that the self is the part of being a person that sets the human being in direction of balance. All theories, I hold, share the view, that the self has to do with the ability to make experience intel-ligible in a certain kind of way that is the core of reflection, relating experience to something else. Lastly I end the thesis, reflecting on the subject of self in the light of the theories that have been used, reflecting on question of what the self means to the individual human being; be it a real or fictive; and I introduce the idea of the self as a stepping stone to being a person.
|Uddannelser||Filosofi og Videnskabsteori, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) KandidatPsykologi, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||29 jun. 2016|
|Vejledere||Patrick Rowan Blackburn & Rashmi Singla|