Is the Paris Declaration the solution for sub-Saharan Africa’s sovereignty crisis?

Zofia Sjeerm, Kasper Koch Autrup, Natascha Berntsen Hyld & Jule Chiara Wichern

Studenteropgave: Basisprojekt


This paper analyses whether the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness has succeeded in creating a shift in approaches to aid and to respecting recipient countries’ Sovereignty, one of the key goals of the Declaration. This has been done by applying Robert Cox’s critical theory of Hegemony and International Relations (1983) that examines the world order and the concept of hegemony, to the relationship between the donors and the recipients in sub-Saharan Africa. Furthermore, it is also questioned and examined if the Paris Declaration’s focus on sovereignty has been just a rhetoric to secure donor’s influence on recipient country’s development policies, which has often been criticized to be the root of lacking aid effectiveness in recipient countries. The latter has been done by evaluating the outcomes of the Declaration in two case countries, Mozambique and Botswana that illustrate the aid practices between all actors and give an insight into the effects of the PD. Moreover, a thorough analysis provides evidence for whether or not the attachment of conditionalities to aid, that are claimed to undermine recipient’s sovereignty, prevail after the implementation in 2005. To understand the former, Cox’s triangles of Hegemony that explain the world order has been applied to analyse how the power relationship between donors and recipients influenced the outcomes, as well as the content itself, of the Declaration and the concept of neo-colonialism explains how development cooperation through the Paris Declaration prevails a stable world order that resembles that of former colonial exploitative relationship

UddannelserBasis - International Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
Udgivelsesdato20 dec. 2016
Antal sider63
VejledereSanne Brasch Kristensen


  • sovereignty
  • neo-colonialism
  • paris declaration
  • aid effectiveness
  • sub-Saharan Africa