Intervening in the Transport Sector - Why the CDM system is not optimised for sustainable mobility

Morten Korch Gravesen, Sunniva Østergaard Sandbukt & Yannick Cornet

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


While the transport sector is responsible for more than 23% of global emissions and growing, the share of transport sector projects within the Kyoto Protocol Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) remains well below 1%. This study shows that the CDM is not currently a viable or attractive financing mechanism for intervening in the transport sector; given its disproportional focus and stringent accuracy requirements for additionality, the low return on investments, and the generally bureaucratic nature of the CDM. It is suggested for the CDM to broaden its scope and to allow projects to reflect the complexity of the sector. It also recognises that the CDM system was never designed to incorporate transport, and illustrates the incompatibility of the system with enabling sustainable mobility. The reports first reviews relevant mobility theory and the measures available to address the transport sector, namely within the Avoid-Shift-Improve strategies. Secondly, following interviews with the main designated operational entity (DOE) operating within the transport sector and the CDM, and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) Risø Centre in charge of monitoring CDM projects, the report explains the shortcomings of the CDM within the transport sector. More specifically, the report suggests to include support for packages of measures such as land-use planning and regulatory instruments that promote access instead of mobility. It is recommended to develop new methodologies that consider modal shift and other environmental or social co-benefits of transport projects to be accounted for. The report also suggests to simplify the CDM process and to remove barriers by revising the requirements for calculations and monitoring. Finally, the report touches on the question of whether the CDM system should be modified to incorporate the transport sector. As an alternative, the report proposes that the system be included as an integral element in other programmes, such as the NAMA.

UddannelserTekSam - miljøplanlægning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
Udgivelsesdato2 jan. 2012
VejlederePer Homann Jespersen & Thomas Budde Christensen


  • Accessibility
  • Transport strategies and measures
  • Sustainable Mobility
  • CDM