The latest arrival of refugees to Denmark in 2014 has sparked great political debate, notably the arrival of non-Western immigrants. Mainly since the 1980’s has there been a major transition in government employment policies aimed at establishing incentive schemes and labour market training programs in order to get more people to enter the Danish labour market. The ‘active’ line in employment policies has also influenced integration policy and subsequently been enacted into integration law. As a result immigrants and refugees are treated in accordance with the active line in employment policies, which aim to facilitate integration through the labour market, based on the understanding that the labour market is an ideal environment for acquiring Danish language skills, societal norms and Danish values.
Together with the aid of a qualitative case-study the purpose of this thesis is to investigate the influence of how two Danish municipalities, namely Rebild Kommune and Samsø Kommune tackle integration in their organizations and whether their structure and specific approach to integration, create opportunities or obstacles for refugees to reach ‘social citizenship’. ‘Social citizenship’ is normatively defined, understood and assembled through Per Mouritsen’s, theory of social citizenship, and Axel Honneth’s, theory of recognition. Furthermore, the theoretical foundation for investigating the governing actions of the two municipalities is based on three governance paradigms: Old Public Administration, New Public Management and New Public Governance.
The thesis takes a hermeneutically outset and is methodically constructed based upon qualitative case-studies. The two cases involving the two above mentioned municipalities include eight qualitative interviews with key figures in the municipalities whose roles are central in implementing and handling integration on the ground level; as well as in decision making. Interviews with refugees, volunteers and companies were conducted in order to empirically support refugees’ and companies’ perspectives on integration via employment.
According to the analysis, with the respect to the area of integration, the two municipalities are both bound to a bureaucratic governing outline resting on the paradigm of Old Public Administration. The two municipalities’ solutions to more unexpected integration issues, or issues that are connected with the bureaucratic governing tools, can be found in the paradigm of New Public Governance. Tools belonging to the NPG-perspectives enable the two municipalities to coordinate interactively across bureaucratic structures.
|Uddannelser||Forvaltning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||30 jul. 2018|
|Vejledere||Tina Øllgaard Bentzen|