Innovation i en kommunal kontekst

Mads Randeris Kragh, Malte Munch Nielsen, Line Rosenørn Engel & Nina Visholm

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

This bachelor thesis will take departure in the growing issues in the Danish public sector concerning the pressure to deliver higher services with lesser resources. In relation to this, innovation has been articulated as the somewhat “magical” recipe to solve some of these urgent issues. This led us to investigate whether or not local governments have the right framework to lead successful innovation. On the one hand there exists a pre-understanding that there is no room for innovation in local governments, because of too many bureaucratic constraints on creative flows. On the contrary have several experts on the subject expressed that the public sector is not as sluggish as it is accused of being. These people believe that there is plenty potential for development in the public sector through radical innovation (Bason 2011: 20f). The Danish government has recognised the need to ease the bureaucratic pressure and encourage innovation in the local governments and have therefore created two specific administrative initiatives – Udfordringsretten and Frikommuneloven – to support modernisation of the local governments. To investigate the potential for innovation in local governments, we have chosen two municipalities, which both brand themselves as being radical innovative and has adapted the two initiatives – Fredericia and Roskilde municipality. The thesis will investigate whether the status as a frikommune has provided Fredericia with a more advantageous framework for improving innovation capacity than Roskilde, which only has the opportunity to exercise the possibilities of Udfordringsretten. Therefore will one of the main themes for this thesis be to discover whether or not there is a match between the scope of the two administrative initiatives and the local governments’ potentials for increasing their innovation capacities. This presents us with a discussion on whether the institutional- and administrative frames local governments are bound to, support the innovations processes within public sector organisations. This will furthermore concern a discussion on the relationship between central government and local government regarding innovation in the public sector. Throughout the project we have discovered that there is a mismatch between the government and the local governments understanding of the necessary frameworks for enhancing the innovation capacity in public sector organisations. We have discovered that the main barriers are not external factors, which the administrative initiatives where created to eliminate, but moreover the internal factors. Both municipalities have the potential for enhancing their innovation capacity they just practice their potential in different ways. We have furthermore discovered that, as the situation is of now, the two administrative initiatives does not support the innovation processes in local governments, mainly because the barriers are located internal and not external.

UddannelserBasis - Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato21 jun. 2013

Emneord

  • Innovation
  • offentlig