The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact groups have on the individual person's identity, behaviour and opinion. The study is done to find out if individuals tend to comply with groups, in order to fit in or if it is capable of holding on to its own identity through its behaviour and opinion. In order to answer the question, the method of case studying is being used, because it grants ample opportunity to generalise on the basis of standalone cases. In this paper, two psychological experiments are being analysed: Solomon E. Asch’s Conformity Experiment and Muzafar Sherif’s The Robbers Cave Experiment. This analysis is done in the light of theories from Richard Jenkins’ Social Psychology and Henri Tajfel’s Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations. The results show, that the identity, behaviour and opinion of some individuals have a tendency of being suppressed based on a subconscious idea of group expectations. The human mind is being affected differently depending on whether or not its self is more likely to fit with the group and adapt its opinions and social norms. If an individual is alone in his opinion and is being contradicted by a group, the individual will always consider the group’s opinion in comparison to his own, regardless of his own opinion. This is due to a preconceived train of thought, based on the fact that the group is probably right, as their number exceed his own. If the individual does not yield to the subconscious social norms of the group, it’s social identity is in the risk of being negatively affected.
|Uddannelser||Basis - Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis|
|Udgivelsesdato||21 dec. 2015|
- Adfærd i gruppen
- Social identitet