Implementing the Ohrid Framework Agreement - The role of norms in interethnic conflict

Jonathan Oliver Bror Otto, Lasse Eggert & Nicklas Böhm

Studenteropgave: Bachelorprojekt


As Macedonia continues to experience a democratic deficit and ethnic tensions since the ratification of the Ohrid Framework Agreement, the question whether the agreement sufficiently considers implementation mechanisms arises. Thus, this research aims to examine the effects of norm implementation mechanisms on the implementation process of institutionalised norms within a peace agreement, exemplified by the case of Macedonia. Expert interviews and a thematic analysis uncover whether such mechanisms are present in Macedonia and what effect they may have on the implementation process. The findings are related to the creation of peace agreements to arrive at suggestions for considerations when drafting peace agreements in the future. In short, the data suggests that Macedonia faces the following impeding mechanisms: deficits in state capacity; framing in the form of public manipulation; gatekeeping characterised by institutional weakness and misuse of OFA principles; diverging norm localization through cultural separation and parallel societies; and a weak civil society resulting in lack of norm entrepreneurship. Taking this into consideration future peace agreements should pay special attention to the mechanisms of norm implementation and analyze them thoroughly as the implementation of normative principles may do more harm than good.

UddannelserInternationale Studier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor
Udgivelsesdato24 maj 2016
Antal sider67
VejledereEric Komlavi Hahonou