Impact of Fairtrade and Organic Certification on Coffee Farmer Livelihoods: An analysis of the coffee industry

Simon Dec Pedersen, Ida Budde Svensson, Marie Haaning, Jan Simon Kober & Urszula Izabela Walkowiak

Studenteropgave: Fagmodulprojekt


In this project report we investigate how structural issues resulting in power asymmetries within the coffee industry affect coffee farmers livelihoods in the Global South by using the terminology of the Global Value Chain Approach. We investigate how the conventional Global Value Chain of coffee is governed and how value and profit are distributed. Furthermore, we study the role of alternative initiatives, such as Fairtrade and organic certification, in the coffee industry and their potential to improve the livelihood of coffee farmers and challenge the structural inequalities within the coffee industry. In order to do this, we carry out a qualitative thematic text analysis of six studies from the last 13 years, which explore the impact of Fairtrade and organic certification on coffee farmers livelihoods in different countries.
We conclude that alternative initiatives, as Fairtrade and organic certification, cannot solve the structural issues of the coffee industry. Yet, they do contribute with positive implications for the coffee farmers, although to very different extends.

UddannelserInternationale Studier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor
Udgivelsesdato18 dec. 2018
Antal sider50
VejlederePaul Austin Stacey


  • Coffee
  • Fairtrade
  • Organic
  • livelihood
  • global value chain