Ideal eller vilkår: en normativ etisk vægtning mellem journalistikkens kompleksiteter

Yasemin Yigit

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

Despite the ideal that journalism serves the information needs of citizens in democratic societies, and assists in the functioning of democracy, researches demonstrates that this ideal is dismantled in purpose. The journalistic field in Denmark is proven dominated by everyday practices (media logics) that seem to connect to the economic field – consumption – rather than to occupational ideals and ideal functions of journalism in a democratic society. The objective of this thesis is to establish an ethical method that a political journalist could use to weight between ideals and ideal functions respectively practices of journalism. The objective is partly fulfilled by generating definitions of occupational ideals and ideal functions of journalism on the basis of development history within democratic societies. The definition is bipolar and depends on whether medias adhere to the liberal or the socially responsible press ideology. To ensure a normative character, the ideals of truth and objectivity are developed by way of epistemological theory and are inverted into applicable practice theories. In addition, the objective is further achieved through a description of the cause and nature of media logics. This is done by depicting the relationship between the media field and other areas of society that influence it. The journalistic method of handling these influences is itself defined by its own structuring logics and practices, which particularly manifest itself in the six news criteria that function as orthodoxies of journalism in the Danish news media. In order to create a method of weighting, the thesis takes as a starting point decisionmaking theory, which then employs three overall normative theories to assure an ethical weighting structure: consequentialist, deontology and virtue ethics. This thesis finds that Danish media implicitly inscribe themselves within the ideology of a socially responsible press, and the ideal and ideal functions of this ideology are integrated into the established normative decision-making method. The method described should, under normal circumstances, precede the publication of a media production. However, it can also be used to assess whether an already published production meets the requirements of a normative weighting. In order to demonstrate how the method might be used, it is applied on an already published production.

UddannelserJournalistik, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato1 aug. 2011
VejledereJesper Ryberg