Hvordan beskriver journalister magt: en kvantitativ indholdsanalyse af tre danske mediers dækning af oprettelsen af "Integrationsministeriet"

Thomas Lemke

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

In this dissertation I put forward three perspectives on power; agent-orientated, struc-ture-orientated and discourse-orientated, in order to investigate how journalists de-scribe power. I have found that when journalists at three Danish newspapers, Politiken, Jyllands-Posten and Information, covered the establishment of the Ministry of Integration in 2001, they adopted an agent and structure-orientated perspective on power rather than a discourse-orientated perspective. I argue that this very much has to do with how the news criteria (immediacy, significance, identification, rarity and conflict) influence the way journalists look at society. The news criteria will be likely to promote an agent-orientated perspective on power due to their focus on immediacy, identification and conflict. This might lead to journalists neglecting the structure-orientated perspective but particulary the dis-course-orientated perspective on power as a formal or a discursive structure take years or even decades to establish, making these kinds of events unsuitable for a journalist to fulfil the criterion of immediacy. As for the criterion of identification, it requires people in the article, with whom the reader can identify. This might preclude the journalist from writing about relations of power that are not agent-orientated and indeed, discursive or structural. Last, but not least a journalist trying to fulfil the cri-terion of conflict will be likely to apply an agent-orientated perspective on power, as he will probably be looking for agents, who are in conflict with each other. From a discourse-orientated perspective on power, one should not take for granted the iden-tity of the agents as being opposites. The very fact that we see two people(s) as oppo-sites is merely a result of a powerful discourse’s ability to make “sense” of things. My content analysis of the articles about the establishment of the Ministry of In-tegration confirms that which my analysis of the news criteria might suggest. Of the articles explicitly mentioning the establishment of the Ministry of Integration con-taining one of the three perspectives on power, the agent-orientated one is by far the most prevalent, constituting almost two thirds of the articles. The structure-orientated perspective on power constitutes less than a third, while the discourse-orientated per-spective on power is missing completely.

UddannelserJournalistik, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato1 mar. 2006

Emneord

  • nyhedsformidling
  • magt
  • journalistik