Hvem er dansk? En kritisk diskursanalyse af sproglige kategoriseringer.

Mathias Mosekjær Krog, Johanne Richter Larsen & Julie Eline Holm Lange

Studenteropgave: Bachelorprojekt


We live in a world of words which the social reality is organized around. The social world is not given in advance and it is through discursive actions that our knowledge of the world is created. The way in which we understand and perceive the world is an expression of the way we categorize the world. By studying these creations and re-creations of discourses and categories, we can reveal and challenge unjust discursive power structures. This study examines two political debates in order to shed light on the categorization and exclusion that takes place in the language of politicians and public debaters. The analysis is conducted within the framework of the social constructionist Norman Fairclough and his critical discourse analysis, and Laclau and Mouffes discourse theory. A discourse analysis of the political debate in the Folketing concerning ‘Forslag til vedtagelse, v38 - Om antal beboere i Brøndby Strand med indvandrerbaggrund’ and the radio debate ‘P1 debat: hvor går grænsen’ reveals two distinct discourses concerning the ways in which being Danish and being a ‘non-Western’ foreigner is articulated. We find that the dominant discourse constructs an antagonistic distinction between being Danish and being a ‘non-Western’ foreigner. Predominantly, this distinction is based on an understanding of culture as static and, to a large extend, unobtainable by other means than birth and continuous and unchallenged exposure. As a consequence of this discourse, people deemed of ‘non-Western’ descent are for the most part barred from becoming true cultural Danes. Furthermore, the project discusses and challenges the identified discourses in the analysis of social practice. Different theoretical perspectives are used to shed light on the implications of the articulated discourses. Finally, we conclude that the antagonistic distinction between being Danish and being of ‘non-Western’ descent excludes certain groups from 'the Danish community' and that these processes of exclusion are discriminatory and racists in their nature.

UddannelserSocialvidenskab, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor
Udgivelsesdato27 maj 2017
Antal sider60
VejledereTroels Schultz Larsen


  • Danskhed
  • Racisme
  • Diskurs
  • Diskursanalyse
  • dansk
  • katgorisering
  • eksklusion