This report is an exposition of space in the history of philosophy, since Aristotle to The Enlightenment in Europe. We have discussed different views of space of the major philosophers and scientists including Aristotle, Descartes, Leibniz, Newton and Kant. Interestingly each of the mentioned philosophers and scientists holds widely different understanding of space from the others. These views are explained in the following historical order: Aristotle’s space, Descartes’ locomotion and mechanical space, Leibniz’ relational space, Newton’s absolute (and empty space), and finally Kant’s transcendental space. An in-depth discussion is carried out on the transcendental aesthetic of Immanuel Kant, so that light is shed on the major concepts such as intuition, outer sense, pure and synthetic a priori intuition. The controversy between Newton and Leibniz is taken up and is related to Kant’s transcendental space. In this relation the schools of empiricism and rationalism as against transcendental view are also touched upon. In the end of the report under perspectives, Martin Heidegger’s space view is shortly discussed and related to his view on dwelling and building process.
|Uddannelser||Filosofi og Videnskabsteori, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat|
|Udgivelsesdato||16 dec. 2013|
|Vejledere||Anne Elisabeth Sejten|