In this bachelor project we examine the connection between a description of man and various theories of happiness. We focus on the western tradition of thought, where we examine different interpretations of the phenomenon happiness. We present in the first part of the project a selected group of concepts of happiness, that follow the historic line of thought in the tradition. It begins with Aristotle as the first main contributor to a theory of happiness. Hereafter we explain John Locke’s tabula rasa and his position in context of the other philosophers. Central for the western understanding of happiness is the term utilitarianism, where we examine Jeremy Bentham’s and John Stuart Mill’s concepts of happiness. To understand their thoughts and the connection between them, we have read The Pursuit of Happiness by Darrin M. McMahon. Besides the already mentioned philosophers, we examine Arthur Schopenhauer’s thoughts on happiness, from his work The World as Will and Representation among other of his writing. Furthermore we use Schopenhauer’s theory of Will to describe craving in the second part of the project. The last concept of happiness we examine is Eric Bendtsens modern interpretation of a theory of happiness, with many strings back to the beginning, Aristotle.
The second part of the project describe man from the starting point of Martin Heidegger's Being and Time, where we unfold many of the concepts Heidegger make from that book. At some point we switch to Schopenhauer’s concept of craving to suit our intention with the description of man. This part is meant to challenge the theories of happiness from the first part, so we can close in on the phenomenon of happiness.
The third part of the project we analyze the compatibility of the view of man and the various theories of happiness. The project concludes, that the theories of happiness share many similarities, especially regarding Locke, Bentham, Mill and Schopenhauer on one side, and Aristoteles and Bendtsen on the other side. And then we conclude further, that it’s hard to say in what way the theories of happiness and the view of man doesn’t fit together, but hints where there is some obvious misfits between the two and what implications it has for the phenomenon happiness.
|Uddannelser||Filosofi og Videnskabsteori, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor|
|Udgivelsesdato||29 maj 2017|
- Erik Bendtsen
- Martin Heidegger
- Arthur Schopenhauer
- John Stuart Mill
- Jeremy Bentham