Human Trafficking Into The Sex-Industry: Challenging The Western Feminist Narratives

Aisha Awad, Sheila Egaa Drasbeck, Ruta Vezelyte, Laura Hamburger Holm & Marie Ryttergaard Wermuth Jensen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


Due to feminisation of migration Nigeria is the country outside Europe with the highest number of women being trafficked into sex work. This project seeks to understand why so many Nigerian women willingly enter the industry knowing which kind of labor they will perform. The reviewed empirical data shows that poverty stands out as one of the main factors in the decision making process, since sex work in Europe seems as the lesser evil than impoverished living in Nigeria. Exhaustion of the national economy due to political corruption, lack of social security, education opportunities and distribution of wealth, huge unemployment and crime rates, a shift in gender roles appointing women the burden of being breadwinner, while still having to live under patriarchal rule, etc. These are all reasons as to why women seek alternatives abroad for a betterment in their livelihood. This project furthermore aims to investigate the women’s agency by contesting the Western female-victimising narrative by discussing the issue through the lens of opposing feminist theories who either regards trafficked women as victims of the patriarchy or who focuses on alternative factors such as colonialism, race, poverty, globalization etc. In conclusion we found that agency is a variable that changes according to the situation. Although transnational feminism seems to be the most relevant theory seeing as it accurately combines the Western- and the third world feminism, it also failed as we conclude that none of the theories match the perspective of the women, whom mostly worry about poverty, due to the societal circumstances they live in. Even though the trafficking debt and smuggling route-dangers increase due to stricter immigration rules, so do the migration-numbers, so if the Nigerian government wants to end trafficking we suggest a radical social change in the distribution of wealth.

UddannelserBasis - International Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
Udgivelsesdato27 maj 2015
VejledereJohan Fischer


  • Sex-Industry
  • Feminist Narratives
  • Human Trafficking