Human Development and the One-Child Policy

Julie Grønborg Franck, Punah Sitez, Lalah Sitez, Abigail Bethany May Samuelsen & Søren Kristoffer Koch Lund-Hansen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


This project examines the relationship between the One-child policy and the human development of China. This is carried out by first analysing the actual implementation of the policy, second looking at the population compared with the human development, third examining one of the social consequences of the policy, the unregistered percentage of China. Our theoretical framework consists of a sociological law theory, population theory, sociological theory, and the concept of development. Through the works of Ehrlich, Malthus, Boserup, Becker and the concept of development, we can successfully connect their epistemologies to help us set a foundation for our research on this subject. For the conclusion we aim to answer the problem; how has the implementation of the one-child policy affected the human development in China? The analysis will be based on research gathered from books, articles, annual statistics by The World Bank, United Nations Human Development reports, and two interviews with three experts within the field of China. After the completion of our analysis, we reached the conclusion that the implementation of the one-child policy is in fact affecting China, but not in the positive sense of human development, rather it is raising barriers that could further hinder the development of China. The unregistered percentage of China are just one example of an unnecessary social consequence of the one-child policy that are not only causing social problems, but economical ones as well as there is a split, as a fraction of the Chinese population is being left behind. When discussing, we agreed that other and better policies and reforms could be utilized to further the human development of China. When looking at the rest of Asia, for example India, there is no form of severe population control policy employed; rather the use of better socio-economic planning is used to initiate further development.

UddannelserBasis - International Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
Udgivelsesdato13 jan. 2012
VejlederePreben Kaarsholm


  • The one-child policy
  • China
  • Human development