Global climate changes have over the last couple of decades become a genuine threat to our planet. Therefore, the European Union amongst other global & intercontinental committees, set a plan for Europe to reduce their CO₂ emissions. The overall CO₂ emissions have to be reduced by 40% by 2030. Furthermore, Denmark has committed itself to completely be carbon-emission neutral by 2050. In order to fulfill these cross-national commitments, Denmark has to make some changes to their national energy grids. The first step in Denmark’s plan to phase out fossil energy production is to restructure the energy sector. Next step is the transport sector. Throughout this report we have chosen to put our focus on the changes to the energy sector, more specifically the development of a new niche technology called “High-Temperature Thermal Energy Storage”. At the moment a large part of the Danish energy production is done by fluctuation energy sources such as wind and sun power. This means that we cannot control when we want the power to be produced as you can with a coal or oil power plant. Unfortunately, this means that currently Denmark is forced to sell energy if we have a large production in a low consumption period or the opposite, if we have a low production in a high demand period, we would have to buy energy from neighboring countries. Due to the environmental goals that Denmark has committed to, there has happened a shift in the socio-technical landscapes which have opened a window of opportunity for new niche technologies to enter an otherwise closed socio-technical regime. This project will account for the current state of the HT-TES technology and what changes it would bring into the current energy sector. We will highlight a bunch of different energy storage solutions in order to create an overview of the state of the general energy storage sector. The project contains relevant innovational theories from Frank W. Geels’ scientific research paper “From sectoral systems of innovation to socio-technical sys-tems Insight about dynamics and change from sociology and institutional theory,” along with rele-vant theories within’ technological foresight in order to create a qualified speculation about what the future will look like once this technology has been implemented into the energy grid. All this information have lead us to create an in-depth analysis of the HT-TES technology along with a discussion about the current state of technological innovation in Denmark. Lastly we have created a roadmap that is intended to act as an “action plan” with set milestones and end goals for the implementation of the technology.
|Uddannelser||Basis - Humanistisk-Teknologisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis|
|Udgivelsesdato||26 maj 2019|
|Vejledere||Majken Toftager Larsen|
- vedvarende energi