How did the different approaches towards the EU originate and evolve in the politically and culturally similar countries? Case study of Slovakia and Czech Republic

Erika Krizanova

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


Czech Republic is considered to be the biggest Eurosceptic among the Central and Eastern European countries. On the contrary, Slovakia is known for the strongest support of the EU and European integration in the region in general. The paper analyses different reasons and drivers for Czech Euroscepticism and Slovak Euro-optimism, since these two countries belonged to one state twenty years ago. I use primary and secondary literature in the original languages in order to give more credibility to discussed issue. The research is focused mostly on the national political development after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia and during the accession process in the 1990´s. Also, case studies in the investigated period were ruled only by limited number of political parties, so I examine those parties’ electoral programmes and steps taken with regards to the European Union. Subsequently, states’ essential concerns and reservations towards the Union are classified, as well as the theoretical framework for such behaviour is provided. Finally, general comparison between Slovakia and Czech Republic is made in order to explain contrasting attitudes towards the EU as the governance on supranational level.

UddannelserEU-studies, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Basis
Udgivelsesdato23 sep. 2013
VejledereAngela Bourne


  • Czech Republic, Slovakia, Euroscepticism, Euro-optimism