HOW CAN HPV INFECTIONS BE PREVENTED?

Hasina Sedighi, Elena Sofia Hurtado Alvarez & Fahmida Khanam

Studenteropgave: Basisprojekt

Abstrakt

HPV is the most common sexually transmitted disease and it can produce warts on different parts of the body. There are more than 200 types and they are spread through sexual contact with an infected person. Some people develop genital warts due to infection with HPV, but others do not show symptoms. Some infections can persist for many years and these infections can cause changes in cells that, if left untreated, can become cancerous.

The aim of this study is to analyze whether the use of condoms or HPV vaccines will prevent human papillomavirus infections, since they are the most popular and known methods of prevention and how this disease is affecting the society.

The study completed a literature review of the condom use and HPV vaccines on the preventions of genital warts, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and test positive in HPV-DNA test, assessing the results obtained in other studies that we have selected, related with HPV prevention.

In the analysis of the studies and literature review, there are more related to condom use than studies related to HPV vaccines due a discrepancy when associating the use of the condom with a clear and solid prevention of HPV. However, data suggest a weak association between the use of the condoms and a decreased risk of HPV infections, likely because some individuals can harbor an HPV infection without knowing and on areas not protected by condoms.

The conclusion of this study is even HPV vaccines studies show stronger and more effective than the use of the condoms, the use of condoms is also necessary if we want to prevent HPV infections. Are two compatible and complementary prevention methods since there is not one single 100% perfect method to prevent HPV infection.

UddannelserBasis - International Naturvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Bachelor
SprogEngelsk
Udgivelsesdato18 dec. 2018
Antal sider47
VejledereMaarten van Wijhe