How are the European Union's public procurement rules implemented in its member states? A comparative study between Denmark and Portugal

Ines Virag & Guilherme Rico Perez

Studenteropgave: Kandidatprojekt


The implementation of the European Union’s laws into its member states is crucial to its functioning as a full-fledged supranational organization. This study aims to determine how are the European Union’s regulations regarding public procurement procedures implemented in practice. The objective of such is to extract which factors influence and ultimately assure the proper following of rules by nation-states. Ensuring that supranational regulations are fully and quickly implemented would be of great value for future public policy decisions, and shedding light on possible causal relationships helps in that direction.
Based on a comparative politics methodology, a cross-analysis of two member states was done, namely Denmark and Portugal, regarding its respective successes at implementing EU’s public procurement directives. The logic of it is inductive; by establishing possible causal links on this particular process, the study aims at exploring a more general case of supranational law implementation. Furthermore, a comparative Most Similar Systems Design (MSSD) methodology was followed, in order to extract the independent variables that might affect the previously observed results.
The findings show a relationship between the implementation success and the member state’s institutional setting. All other similarity factors do not seem to influence the result. Being the institutional framework the main differentiating factor, it was observed that particularly its history and societal and cultural characteristics pinpoint their divide. Therefore, a theoretical background of Historical Institutionalism and Sociological Institutionalism was used to frame the discussion. Nevertheless, further research is needed into the inner workings of the institutional structure of the studied countries, especially their organizational and political characteristics, in order to better clarify the findings.

Keywords: Supranational Law Implementation, Public Procurement, Most Similar Systems Design, Historical Institutionalism, Sociological Institutionalism

UddannelserInternational Public Administration and Politics, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato17 dec. 2019
Antal sider54
VejledereLena Brogaard


  • Public procurement