Historiebrug og Holocaust

Eva Elisabeth Bilancio Schøning, Neel Larsen Wismann, Stine Munch Hansen & Selma Algot Nzi

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


This project examines the use of history in the two movies: Schindler’s List by Steven Spielberg (1993) and Shoah by Claude Lanzmann (1985). In order to examine this we have analyzed the two movies with a focus on the use of genre and the portrayal of the Jews. Our discussion of the use of history in the two films is based on theories by the historian Bernard Eric Jensen. Schindler’s List is a typical Hollywood movie with a large amount of effects used to create tension in the plot and appeal to the feelings of the viewer. The movie can be categorised as a melodrama. Because of this it has been criticized by Lanzmann among others, for distorting the historical events by using Oskar Schindler as the main subject. The portrayal of the Jews can be seen as one-dimensional and the use of this success-story is a stark contrast to the tragic deaths of millions of Jews. Lanzmann has created Shoah in order to document the eyewitness accounts of the Holocaust survivors portrayed in the film. Despite their shared intention to sustain the memory of the Holocaust, the results of their films vary greatly.

UddannelserBasis - Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis
Udgivelsesdato22 jun. 2015


  • Spielberg
  • Lanzmann
  • Holocaust