Herringløse som Energilandsby - en undersøgelse af mulighederne for lokal energiomstilling af boliger

Tina Gliese Schjerling & Ann-Louise Møhring

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

Denmark is facing a transition away from an energy system based on the use of fossil fuels. This situation entails the need to refocus the efforts to improve energy efficiency in existing private residences from single, separate energy saving efforts to an actual switch to renewable energy in the private home sector. Consequently, energy consumption in the private home sector must be viewed in a system technical perspective in relation to the total utilization of resources and in connection with the entire energy system. Since existing practices do not support this system technical perspective, significant changes are called for in the approaches of local energy professionals (businesses, knowledge centers, educational and research institutions, etc.) However, a transition to renewable energy in the private home sector will be viable only if homeowners take an active part in the process, contributing requisite resources and knowledge. On this basis, the objective of this project is to investigate the question of how knowledge, resources and competencies can be activated and developed among homeowners as well as energy professionals to make the transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy in the private residences of a local area. Our investigation of this problem complex was conducted on the background of the experimental project “Herringløse som Energilandsby” (Transition Village Herringløse). In this connection, the authors of this paper, working in tandem with the Municipality of Roskilde and Energiklyngecenter Sjælland (Energy Cluster Center Sealand), organized and facilitated citizen involvement via a total of three community meetings in the village of Herringløse. The experiences and results gleaned from this project show the usefulness of viewing the preliminary phase of a local energy transition as a process involving two separate, but nevertheless connected and interdependent, tracks, one track relating to the involvement of private homeowners and the other to energy professionals. In order to activate the knowledge and resources of the homeowners it is crucial that they are allocated space in the process. Consequently, the involvement of homeowners should be accomplished through an open-ended process leaving space for issues and concerns important to them – whether these matters spring from cognitive-instrumental or ethical and aesthetic considerations – as well as for taking part in the actual shaping of the energy transition process in their community. Also, in order to strengthen the position of homeowners as active players in the transition process, it is important to shape the process with a special view to creating collective learning processes and to support the development of new competencies and local organization among the community residents. Conversely, for the energy professionals, the process has a fixed structure and is continually aimed at the target of making a transition away from fossil fuels. In the course of the process, it is crucial for a framework to be established, allowing the energy professionals to collaborate on the development of a common system technical understanding of private home energy consumption to be goal-setting for their work, individually as well as collectively. In a local energy transition process targeted at the private home sector, the most important task of the facilitator is to coordinate and link the two process tracks, enabling homeowners and energy professionals to reach consensus on how to balance the various needs and requirements in their joint energy efforts.

UddannelserTekSam - miljøplanlægning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato9 sep. 2011
VejledereBo Elling & Bent Søndergård

Emneord

  • borgerinddragelse
  • CO2-reduktion
  • boliger
  • energibesparelser
  • energiomstilling
  • landsby