Hekseforfølgelserne i den sene middelalder

Majbrit Munk Olsen & Søren Svendsen

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

This project is based upon the Malleus Maleficarum published in 1486. The book was intended to function as a tool for inquisitors during the European witch-hunts. In this project it will be used as the primary source for finding out how the image of a witch was constructed, what the reason for this image-construction could be and finally what effect it had on the societies which were affected. By reading excerpts of the Malleus and finding stories, that could help answer our hypothesis, we discovered that the image of the witch was far more complex than we immediately had thought it to be. By reading Christopher S. Mackays introduction to the Malleus, and Robert I. Moore's The Formation of a Persecuting Society, along with Joseph Klaits' Servants of Satan we formed a more clear notion of the society in which the witch-hunts had their existence. We have come to the conclusion that the image created of the witch in the Malleus is one of evil, that hides in seemingly normal people, whilst being a threat to society and Christianity, the latter which was also what the Malleus was trying to warn people about. The effect caused by this image was most likely a furthering of the persecuting society, along with paranoia and monitoring of both oneself and the surrounding people.

UddannelserHistorie, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato24 maj 2013
VejledereMia Münster-Swendsen

Emneord

  • Witchcraft
  • Medieval
  • Witches
  • Witch-hunts
  • Malleus Maleficarum