Højrenationalisme i Danmark - en undersøgelse af holdningsdannelse

Sara Rytter Nielsen & Nikoline Hovmøller Dengsø Jensen

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

Nationalism as a phenomenon has risen and fallen periodically. Within recent years, there has been
an enhanced focus on national borders and sovereignty, e.g. with the election of Donald Trump in the
US and Brexit. This master thesis argues that there is a connection between nationalism and antiimmigration opinion since both perspectives strive towards a homogenous society. This thesis
examines contemporary right-wing nationalism in Denmark. This is done through a mixed methods
design that uses a quantitative approach to explain what affects an anti-immigration opinion and uses
a qualitative method to understand why. The mixed methods design provides a broader perspective
into the field of right-wing nationalism.
The first section determines the correlation between a negative attitude towards immigration
and variables regarding background, behaviour and opinion respectively. The correlations are
determined through a regression analysis containing data from European Social Survey. The findings
show that low income, less education, lack of diverse friendships, negative attitudes towards
homosexuals’ rights, right-winged orientation, and low levels of trust in the government as well as
people are all factors that produce a negative attitude towards immigration.
The second section analyses which mechanisms underlie right-wing nationalist opinion
formation. The analysis is based in four semi structured interviews with Danish politicians Peter
Skaarup (Danish People’s Party) and Peter Seier Christensen (The New Right) as well as two
representatives from Danish nationalist social movements being Danish Culture (Dansk Kultur) and
Denmark’s National Front (Danmarks Nationale Front). Through these interviews, as well as theory
on nationalism, four theoretical explanatory models can be identified: economy, culture, diversity,
and alienation. These four models have strengths and weaknesses but supplement each other well to
achieve a nuanced understanding of why nationalist right-wing spokespersons are attracted to the
nationalist idea. This thesis argues that the models regarding cultural differences and alienation has
had the biggest effect on right-wing spokesperson’s opinion formation.

UddannelserSocialvidenskab, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato4 mar. 2019
Antal sider996
VejledereAnders Ejrnæs