This paper examines the ideals for an education of green sustainability in two Danish free schools. We present the history of Danish free schools and an analysis of four interviews made with four participants: two founders and two teachers from the schools. To support our analysis, we introduce theories of education from Peter Kemp’s book ‘Verdensborgeren, Pædagogisk og politisk ideal for det 21. århundrede’ (2013) and from Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s pedagogical philosophy. They both focus on the importance of community and nature in formal learning. We draw parallels between these theories and the responses from our participants by using Pragmatic Sociology as presented by the French sociologists, Luc Boltanski and Laurent Thévenot, to answer the question: What are the ideals for education in the new green free schools?
Furthermore, we discuss what justifies the existence of green free schools. For this we include Gert Biesta who argues for a new educational system and the importance of reconnecting with the purpose in education. Both schools consider social communities to be a form of sustainability as well as environmental. Combining both makes for critically thinking individuals who solve global environmental problems together. Not supporting the green free schools would rob the world from the potential to solve its greatest issues. The students become aware of problems that cannot be overlooked and so, in order to protect future generations from catastrophes, they learn to take action. Their classes in the school gardens connect the students with nature in a physical manner. This is how the green free schools believe that the children will feel emotionally connected to nature and mature to protect it and its inhabitants. Therefore, these children will not act out of fear, but out of a sense of connection to nature and each other.
In conclusion, the ideal is to make the students citizens of the world as Peter Kemp theorizes. The Danish green free schools use methods of teaching that are deeply rooted in those written by Rousseau. We also conclude that a good solution to spread their ideals of education would be to implement them in public schools. In this way, more people will learn to think about the environment and ways to solve the world’s greatest problems.
|Uddannelser||Basis - Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis|
|Udgivelsesdato||27 maj 2019|
|Vejledere||Clara Ina Severin Steensen|