Giv os i dag vort daglige kød - En psykologisk undersøgelse af vores mere-end-menneskelige praksis og vores moralske selvforståelse af at spise dræbte dyr

Ida Therese Kunzendorf

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

In this master’s thesis I focus on the relationship between humans and (other) animals in order to try to understand our moral self-understanding in an age known for its anthropocentric view of the world and consequent roaring climate crisis, which threatens to eliminate our planet and ourselves. Thus, the main phenomenon to be examined is the significance of the ways we relate to the killing of the animals we eat for our moral self-understanding.

I build on the analytical and methodological framework of critical psychology, in the sense that my research is conducted from the standpoint of the subject, and that the participants in the exploration are regarded as co-researchers. I use the concepts of self-understanding, participation, conduct of everyday life, agency and emotionality. I understand practice as more-than-human and consisting of co-participating companion species, intertwined and dependent on each other. In short, I am interested in exploring and developing the self-understanding of psychology and of mankind.

My empirical analysis of our moral self-understanding is first and foremost based on an interview with a focus group of co-researchers, who were interested in developing their self-understanding and thereby ours. To gather a greater understanding of the individual experiences in the conduct of everyday life I also interviewed each co-researcher individually.

The analysis of the experiences of my five co-researchers show that their moral self-understanding is challenged by their participation in practice. The killing of the animal is not understood as an im-moral act per se, because this depends on how my co-researchers view the animal: As a thing or as the Other. Animals used for human food are viewed as means to an end, and therefore the act of killing is morally justifiable. Animals regarded as pets are viewed as the Other and therefore cannot be killed, unless it is to bring them out of their misery. These views represent an anthropocentric social self-understanding. This also exemplifies the double standards in our morality regarding (oth-er) animals.

My examination of our self-understanding exposes a need for an expanded analytical framework in psychology for us to understand the subject in its more-than-human practice and to understand the problems the anthropocentric self-understanding co-creates.

UddannelserPsykologi, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato16 dec. 2019
VejledereErnst Schraube

Emneord

  • selvforståelse
  • daglig livsførelse
  • moralitet
  • syn på dyr
  • antropocentrisme
  • klima
  • handleevne
  • deltagelse
  • kritisk psykologi
  • første-persons perspektiv
  • medforskerperspektiv