This assignment contains an analysis of the statements from representatives of the Ethiopian government regarding the construction of The Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, GERD. By using nation-building theories we analyse two texts concerning the dam-project, a speech from the former Premier Minister Meles Zenawi in 2011 and an article from the Ethiopian state-run media EBC, from 2016.
After an investigation of the framing of the project, follows an analysis of the implications the construction can have for rural people in the affected areas. This is done by using IDS’s “Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A Framework For Analysis”.
The first part of the analysis shows that the Ethiopian state constructs a discourse concerning Ethiopia’s essential need for GERD as well as a national storytelling, where GERD is the symbol of the country's present renaissance and future development. In this regard the government portrays the construction as a national, common project which the whole population are expected to support.
The second part of the analysis portrays the complexity of the expected implications by investigating the rural people’s possibilities or obstacles to achieve sustainable livelihoods, and how the construction of the dam affects these. This part shows that GERD can affect the population in both negative and positive ways depending on the affected people’s access to resources and government’s willingness to help the locals in readapting to new living conditions.
In continuation of the results follows a discussion of the legitimacy of the dam as a national symbol of development, based on a critical perspective on the process behind the planning and implementation of the dam. The project concludes that recognition of the importance of democratíc processes in pursuit of reducing poverty and inequality are vital along with goals of economic growth for development in Ethiopia.
|Uddannelser||Geografi, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor|
|Udgivelsesdato||28 dec. 2016|
|Vejledere||Kirstine Juul Elbæk|