Geotermisk energi i Olkaria, Kenya - Elektricitet, miljøkonsekvenser og udvikling

Toke Møller Theilade, Sofie Terp Clausen & Nanna Wincentz Ludvig

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt

Abstrakt

The aim of this report is to understand how the use of geothermal energy might be beneficial in Kenya. This main question is examined through three research questions focusing on each their own aspect of geothermal energy in Kenya. One aspect is the socio-economic benefits of increasing energy production and access to energy. Here it is highlighted that energy in itself does not necessarily create development, however it is explained as an important catalyst for development. Another aspect is the geological and technological potential for geothermal energy production in Kenya. Here it becomes clear that the geothermal potential in the Kenyan part of the East African Rift Valley is large, and that with the current technology used in and knowledge gathered from the production area in Olkaria, Kenya has great potential to exploit more of the 10,000 MWe estimated geothermal resource. The last research question focus on the environmental impacts of geothermal energy production, more specifically on the wastewater and air pollution related to the production in Olkaria. Here it is noted that though the general pollution of geothermal energy production is far lower than that of traditional energy sources, such as coal and biofuels, it is not completely pollution free. From these research questions the general understanding is that geothermal energy might provide several benefits to Kenya, however to understand who will benefit, the discussion part dives into understanding the current official distribution network. Relating the distribution network to the findings related to energy and development, as well as the geological placements of geothermal resources, the report concludes that though Kenya can benefit from the use of geothermal energy resources, these benefits will not reach large parts of the country. On the basis of this, the concluding assumption is that the rural and poor areas of Kenya will not benefit, unless investments are aimed towards expanding the current official distribution network.

UddannelserGeografi, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato18 jan. 2016
VejledereNiels H. Jensen

Emneord

  • Geotermisk energi
  • elektricitet
  • miljøkonsekvenser
  • Kenya
  • Udvikling
  • Olkaria