Geopolitics on Nepalese hydro resource And its contribution to economic development

Uddhav Karki

Studenteropgave: Speciale


Nepal lies between two giant emerging Asian nations: China and India who do not have harmonious relations and are suspicious each other. Both geographical characteristic of Nepal and Sino-Indo unfriendly relationship induced high sensitivity of Nepal's geopolitical importance. Chinese revolution in 1949, its Tibet occupation, India's presumed threat from China, Cold war rivalry all of these international political development have compounded the geopolitical vitality of Nepal. Subsequently, due to Indian over emphasis on security, Nepal has lost its independent foreign and security policy after Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1950 between India and Nepal and fell into the Indian basket vis-a-vis its defence business and foreign policy. When Cold war rivalry combined, the situation even exacerbated, subsequently, Nepal lost, in practical, its territorial sovereignty and both domestic as well as foreign policy choices autonomy which inflicted perpetual political instability and destruction of its self-sustained economy.
In the absence of autonomous policy choices, Nepal could not pursue the best fitting hydro resource harness policy and plans. Fragile political leadership and lack of well-planned vision regarding hydro resource utilization in advent of perpetual political instability, Nepal could not set its interest, priorities and as a result, it lost its bargaining power in bilateral hydro treaties with India. Subsequently, instead of being benefited, hydro resources posed political and economic misery for Nepal since it has been compelled to compromise its sovereignty, to bear submergence problems via hydro treaties, dams and mega hydropower projects are being misused as mere geopolitical instruments.

UddannelserInternationale Udviklingsstudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Master
Udgivelsesdato2 jan. 2020
Antal sider80
VejledereThorkil Casse