Gendered employment in the Burmese garments industry – a gender critique of neoliberal development prescriptions for Myanmar

Simon Tunderman

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


This project uses a constructivist gender perspective to argue that the period of liberalisation in Myanmar from 1988 onwards saw the emergence of an export oriented garments industry that was based on the exploitation of a gendered female workforce. It is shown how neoliberal development policies led to the exploitation of a low cost female workforce, as well as to the reenactment of neoliberal gender identities and inequality based on the idea of woman as docile, dexterous, and cheap. Thus, the neoliberal claim is refuted that development along Washington Consensus is emancipatory for the job opportunities it offers women.

UddannelserGlobal Studies, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
Udgivelsesdato23 maj 2012
VejledereLaura Horn


  • Washington consensus
  • Myanmar/Burma
  • neoliberal development
  • gender inequality