FYSISK INAKTIVITET SOM RISIKOFAKTOR I ARBEJDSLIVET OG MOTION I ARBEJDSTIDEN SOM MULIG LØSNINGSMODEL

Anders Blædel Gottlieb Hansen

Studenteropgave: Speciale

Abstrakt

The Western World is facing one of its greatest health challenges ever. Due to changes in the organisation of society and our working life, we have become more physically inactive than ever. This has led to a deterioration in the working environment and an explosive increase in lifestyle diseases. This thesis poses the following question: Can worksite physical activity during working hours constitute a solution to the problem of physical inactivity? Through epidemiological and statistical data we examine how and for whom physical inactivity poses a risk in working life. With a theoretical analysis based on Thomas Højrup’s life-mode theory and risk communication, we examine how and for whom worksite physical activity can be a solution. Through a case study in a company we examine which barriers, possibilities and frameworks of explanations that exist when we try to understand whether worksite physical activity during working hours constitutes a part of the solution to the problem of physical inactivity. The advantages of worksite physical activity, as illustrated in this case, are that it works as a social activity being performed on fixed hours and attached to fixed routines during work. In this way worksite physical activity appeals to individuals who do not normally engage in physical activity in their spare time. In this way, the opportunity for making an otherwise physically inactive segment of the population active arises. If worksite physical activity is to appeal to more individuals from the case company, it is necessary that the exercises performed are targeted towards men. This would probably require exercises that include elements of competition and strength. The strength of worksite physical activity lies in the fact that the focus is directed towards quality of life and working environment. In addition, worksite physical activity seems to encourage people to change their health behaviour in a more appropriate way. If we look exclusively at worksite physical activity, this cannot solve the problem of physical inactivity in society as a whole, but worksite health promotion constitutes an important part of the struggle against physical inactivity. Worksite physical activity has to be seen as an individual initiative, with the advantages of reaching the particular risk groups, which traditional health campaigns do not reach. Worksite physical activity has the potential of changing the population’s way of exercising and we believe that worksite physical activity during working hours, combined with structural changes, will constitute a small part of the solution to the huge societal problem of physical inactivity.

UddannelserTekSam - miljøplanlægning, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato1 jun. 2006
VejledereHelge Hvid

Emneord

  • motion på arbejdspladsen
  • arbejdsmiljø
  • sundhedsfremme
  • fysisk inaktivitet