Frihed og frygt i Dansk Vestindien - en undersøgelse af oprørs udvikling i den tidligere danske koloni fra 1733 til 1848

Amanda Lykke Hansen, Daniel Tarkan Nacak Rasmussen & David Peter Jørgensen

Studenteropgave: Bachelorprojekt

Abstrakt

This project aims to explore rebellions in the Danish West Indies from 1733 to 1848 by placing the events both in a local and global context. The rebellion in 1733 was very different from the rebellion in 1848 in form and in correlation with the goals that motivated the rebels. We want to investigate what led to this rebellion in 1848. In 1733 the ethnic group, the Aminas, rebelled supposedly as a result of an ethnic conflict with another African group, the Loangos. The Aminas quickly took over control of the island of St. John in the Danish West Indies by wielding brute violence. Their goal was to create an Ami-na-state, still with an enslaved class to work in the sugar fields. In 1848 another rebellion broke out on the island of St. Croix. This time a group of creolized african-carribeans got together in unity to fight for their freedom. This rebellion could only flourish because of a creolization process and circulation of knowledge where literature and knowledge of successful rebellions were passed in between Europe, Africa and the Caribbean. This created the possibility of the enslaved of the Danish West Indies to identi-fy with enslaved people from the rest of the Caribbean, hereby getting inspired to rebel against the slave system. Furthermore, these groups also emerged because of political changes in the transatlantic world, where ideas of natural born freedom prospected throughout this period. This meant that the colonial states of Europe in the long run had to abolish slavery because of rebellions across many different colo-nies. This created fear of rebellion in the minds of the planters in the Danish West Indies and as a pre-caution the colonial Denmark created laws to increase the planters possibilities to control the enslaved. We’re inspired by recent studies of slavery in the Danish West Indies, where we have opened for a new perspective upon slavery in Danish context. We have used a micro historical approach in our research as we relate our findings to a global context. A micro historical approach cannot stand alone, therefore we relate our findings to a macro historical context, where individuals is seen as a part of a group which is affected by different ideas influenced by the circulation of knowledge in the formation of rebellions and self-understanding for slaves.

UddannelserHistorie, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato28 maj 2018
Antal sider85
VejledereKarin Cohr Lützen

Emneord

  • Oprør
  • Dansk Vestindien
  • Revolution
  • Abolitionisme
  • Kreolisering
  • identitet
  • koloni
  • Vidensudveksling
  • Videnscirkulation
  • Mikrohistorie
  • Slaveri
  • Emancipation