Frigørende erfaringer af smertelige oplevelser - en analyse af ikke-vestlige kvinders oplevelser af smerter og frigørelse af disse gennem sundhedspædagogiske tilbud

Nesli Baldan & Christina Bjerge Ystrøm

Studenteropgave: Speciale


Abstract The focus of this thesis is to study non-western women's experiences of pain in order to examine the experience of liberation of pains in municipal health education program. The subject of this thesis is to identify an acute lack of insight into these non-western women’s experiences of pain caused by the society’s lack of understanding, often resulting in these women being labeled with the inequality classification referred to as “ethnic pain”. In addition, this thesis aims to also examine potential health enhancing elements resulting from the incorporation of the results into the educational approach. The results in this thesis are based on a rigorous qualitative analysis of data from interviews with ten non-western women. The interviews were conducted over the course of 1.5 years based on a qualitative evaluation of a municipal health education program, and subsequently analyzed from a post-critical theory perspective. This thesis finds that the pain experienced is twofold, including both a physical element and pain due to despair. A painful despair caused by the experiences of infringement and disregard which has resulted in the fact that these women do not feel that they are heard or understood. Furthermore, the experience of pain is anchored in economic insecurity and uncertainty. The women are characterized as being ‘stateless’ in the sense that they have difficulty with navigating in the Danish society even though they have lived in Denmark the majority of their lifetime. The feeling of despair is further exacerbated as the public system constantly evaluates them. Besides, they find it difficult to navigate the public system increasing their socio-economic insecurity. Together the constellation of physical pain and pain due of despair amplifier this.Furthermore, this thesis finds that the subjects of the interviews have achieved a relief of pain through a procedural process. We find that relief is achieved through recognition and awareness in a forum of solidarity, as well as through reflection and formation of experiences in accordance with the critical theoretical terms by; Axel Honneth, Oscar Negt, Alexander Kluge and Richard Levins. However, the results indicate that the studied women do not achieve a relief of pain based on despair due to socio-economic conditions and therefore the thesis also includes barriers and potentials for pain relief within a municipal health education program. The barrier of relief can occur when the offer is ceased and future infringing experiences in meeting with the public sector. The potential for anchoring of relief is grounded in women's awareness which was achieved through solidarity, collective discussions, concrete action tools and the newly acquired knowledge.

UddannelserPædagogik og Uddannelsesstudier, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Kandidat
Udgivelsesdato29 jun. 2015
VejledereThomas Gitz-Johansen & Nicole Thualagant


  • sundhedspædagogik
  • Frigørelse