Whether free will exists or not, is a question yet to be answered in both scientific and philosophical terms. Benjamin Libets experiment questioning free will, has obtained a central placing in the debate about free wills existence. In this project we wish to investigate Libets results from the article Do We Have Free Will? (1999) to discover how much they actually challenge free will. We will independently study Libets results and question his conclusions. The objections of philosopher Alfred Mele, will be added to our criticism towards Libets experiment. We also wish to investigate and verify the arguments used by Libet in previously mentioned article. To this analysis of arguments, we will use Alec Fishers recipe for inspecting the claims Libet take about his findings. Our investigations show a basic problem with Libets arguments. This problem is his interpretation of data. Furthermore our results show that there is two ways to interpret Libets results. The first simply takes its standing point from Libets own interpretation of free will and its criteria’s. Libet assumes that, if free will were to be challenged, the conscious will has to initiate the electrical impulses in the brain, before these impulses determine the act. He concludes that this assumption was correct, since his experiment shows that conscious will occurs after the electrical impulses. The second possibility is a softer interpretation. This interpretation states that this assumption is not necessarily correct. In the attempt of allowing Libets results to actually challenge free will, we decide to make a model which has the ability to point out the deterministic factor. In this more charitable interpretation, we conclude that free will is still not challenged.
|Uddannelser||Basis - Humanistisk Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Basis|
|Udgivelsesdato||21 jan. 2014|
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- Benjamin Libet