Fremmedgørelse i en kristen alliance

Sofie Urhammer, Adam Jørgensen, Garegin Tutundjan & Mette Emilieanna Bruun

Studenteropgave: Semesterprojekt


The focus of this study is the cultural encounter between Christian Ethiopians and Portuguese in the 16th and 17th centuries. At the dawn of the 16th century a friendly relationship between Ethiopia and Portugal was inaugurated. The communication between kings of the two countries eventually led to a Jesuit mission to Ethiopia. After a time of debates, the Ethiopian king was baptized in the Catholic faith with the consequence of an attempt to convert the Ethiopian people to Roman Catholicism. By applying the theories of Georg Simmel and Edward Said the distinct constructions of the Stranger in this meeting among both Ethiopian and Portuguese sources are examined. Our study concluded that as the correspondences and meetings between agents from both countries progressed, doctrinal and cultural enmity between the Ethiopian Orthodox and the Roman Catholic Christians increased. Finally the Portuguese were expelled and Ethiopia returned to their former faith. We found diverse constructions of the Ethiopian and Portuguese Stranger, which ranged from glorification and recognition to bitter critique and outright demonization.

UddannelserHistorie, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor el. kandidat
Udgivelsesdato27 maj 2016
VejledereSøren Blak Hjortshøj


  • Colonialism
  • Cultural encounter
  • Portugal
  • Ethiopia