Fremme af en miljømæssig bæredygtighed i landbrugets naturudnyttelse: - En undersøgelse lavet med udgangspunkt i Fødevare- og Landbrugspakken 2015

Liva Marie de Vries Bækgaard, Sophie Louise Gladov & Kirstine Kathleen Roberts

Studenteropgave: Bachelorprojekt

Abstrakt

Abstract
This paper examines how the regulatory framework of the agricultural sector, exemplified with Aftale om Fødevare- og Landbrugspakken - a political agreement between the government and its supporting parties passed on the 22nd of December 2015, relates to the sector’s exploitation of nature. First of all, the paper examines which reasons are given for the package, which is necessary for comprehending the process. Secondly, the packages and the process leading to its implementation is problematised partly for its democratically legitimate status and partly for its possible environmental consequences. This leads to a final discussion about the possibility for public participation in leading to more environmentally concerned legislation with regards to the agriculture’s exploitation of nature. The main method used in the paper is research interviews with representatives from relevant interest groups and with politicians more or less involved in the process. This method is used to gain insight into the political process and its deficiencies.
The methods used and the conducted interviews have been supplemented with a theoretical framework clarifying the requirements for democratic legitimacy and explaining corporatism in Denmark. This framework is used to analyse which deficiencies the package has in its democratic legitimacy. Furthermore Bo Elling’s theory about communicative planning is used to discuss how to improve the process and ensure more environmentally sustainable decisions.
The main conclusions drawn is threefold. First of all, the first part of the analysis concludes that an economic rationale for the process of the package has subsumed environmentally sustainable considerations. Secondly the paper shows that the process have severe deficiencies in regards to being sufficiently democratically legitimate. This is due to the fact that interest groups have not had an equal chance to contribute to the preparation of the legislation, that the parliament have not been able to control the process, since the government has tried to blur it, and finally that the knowledge base has been inadequate. This finally leads to the discussion of how to solve these problems. Thus, thirdly it is concluded, that communicative planning is a way to improve the democratic process and ensure a more environmentally friendly outcome. However, this requires that the people are enlightened about environmental problems.

UddannelserBasis - Samfundsvidenskabelig Bacheloruddannelse, (Bachelor uddannelse) Bachelor
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato25 maj 2016
Antal sider60
VejledereOle Erik Hansen

Emneord

  • Fødevare- og Landbrugspakken
  • Kommunikativ planlæging
  • legitimitet
  • demokrati
  • miljø
  • bæredygtigt landbrug
  • Danmarks Naturfredningsforening