Fra lovgivning til praksis - En feltanalyse af den kriminalpræventive praksis i et alment boligområde

Clara Drowe Andreasen & Rikke Borg Sundstrup

Studenteropgave: Bachelorprojekt

Abstrakt

This bachelor thesis concerns the conflicts that arise when punitive and crime preventive legislation is practiced and enforced in the social housing area Hede-/Magleparken in Ballerup, Denmark. The project applies Bourdieus field analytical and reflexive approach to knowledge production, to examine the social impact the legislation have for tenants in Hede-/Magleparken.

In 2013 the Danish parliament passed a legislation that allowed the police and the social housing sector to share information regarding former convictions of tenants. This was meant as an addition to the existing legislation to allow social housing terminations of tenants with a former criminal conviction easier. The politicians argued that the legislation would lead to increased resident safety and sense of justice, along with less crime in social housing areas. But does this relate to praxis in the social housing area Hede-/Magleparken?

To examine the social impact of the legislation and whether it applies to practice, we first describe the history and social responsibility of the social housing sector in Denmark along with the societal constructs behind the rationale of punishment as crime preventive strategy in social housing areas. Thereafter we present an empirically constructed analytical field, which consists of relevant stakeholders (e.g. institutions and tenants) affected by the legislation in the social housing area Hede-/Magleparken. Institutions and tenants are in this analytical field fighting for the right to decide the social impact of the legislation, and whether the social impact should reflect the political arguments.

The analyses shows that the understanding of the social impact of the legislation by the different stakeholders in the analytical field reflects the political arguments for passing the legislation, in 2013. This is interesting since the residents perception of committed crime in the housing are remained the same following the passing of the legislation Thus, it seems that the legislation fail to solve the problems with crime in the social housing area and at the same time does not lead to perceived safety and sense of justice among the residents. On the contrary the legislation seems to have a negative effect on sense of justice among the tenants with a former criminal conviction, thereby retaining them in a state of social reproduction, by further punishment through termination. Therefore the legislation seems to have a social impact on the social housing area Hede-/Magleparken.

UddannelserPlan, By og Proces, (Bachelor/kandidatuddannelse) Bachelor
SprogDansk
Udgivelsesdato24 maj 2016
Antal sider60
VejledereKristian Nagel Delica

Emneord

  • Bourdieu
  • Kriminalitet
  • Feltanalyse
  • Straffepraksis
  • Straf
  • Habitus
  • Social reproduktion
  • Beboere
  • Dominansforhold
  • Tryghed